More On Documentary Stamp Tax (DST) On Real Estate Transactions

Last Updated on by Jay Castillo | Filed under: - 30 Comments

There are different DST rates on different types of transactions. In my previous post on How to Easily Compute DST, I was referring to DST on the sale of real property.


Please note that there is DST too on loan agreements, lease agreements, and mortgages, and there are also exemptions from DST. For this post, aside from discussing these, I will also discuss the deadline date and venue for filing the DST return.

I will provide you as well with a blank DST form for your use and reference. Take note that most of this post was actually written by my wife.

DST on the sale of real property

Section 196 of the Tax Code, as amended, provides:

“SEC. 196. Stamp Tax on Deeds of Sale and Conveyances of Real Property. — On all conveyances, deeds, instruments, or writings, other than grants, patents or original certificates of adjudication issued by the Government, whereby any land, tenement or other realty sold shall be granted, assigned, transferred or otherwise conveyed to the purchaser, or purchasers, or to any other person or persons designated by such purchaser or purchasers, there shall be collected a documentary stamp tax, at the rates herein below prescribed, based on the consideration contracted to be paid for such realty or on its fair market value determined in accordance with Section 6(E) of this Code, whichever is higher: Provided, That when one of the contracting parties is the Government, the tax herein imposed shall be based on the actual consideration:

(a) When the consideration, or value received or contracted to be paid for such realty, after making proper allowance of any encumbrance, does not exceed One thousand pesos (P1,000), Fifteen pesos (P15.00).

(b) For each additional One thousand pesos (P1,000), or fractional part thereof in excess of One thousand pesos (P1,000) of such consideration or value, Fifteen pesos (P15.00).

When it appears that the amount of the documentary stamp tax payable hereunder has been reduced by an incorrect statement of the consideration in any conveyance, deed, instrument or writing subject to such tax the Commissioner, provincial or city Treasurer, or other revenue officer shall, from the assessment rolls or other reliable source of information, assess the property of its true market value and collect the proper tax thereon.”

To compute the DST, divide the higher amount between the selling price and the fair market value by P1,000.00, then round off the amount to next higher number if there are decimals, then multiply it by P15.00. As a shortcut, multiply the higher amount between the selling price and the fair market value by .015 and if the DST is not a multiple of 15, the DST shall be the next higher multiple of 15.

Take note that if the tax base is incorrect (for example, the selling price or the zonal value is understated to lower the DST), the true value of the property may be assessed so that the proper tax may be collected. Please refer to my previous post on How to Easily Compute DST as to the sample computations.

DST on loan agreements

If you will be taking out a loan, another type of DST may be imposed. Section 179 of the Tax Code, as amended, provides for the DST on loan agreements, as follows:

“SEC. 179. Stamp Tax on All Debt Instruments. — On every original issue of debt instruments, there shall be collected a documentary stamp tax on One peso (P1.00) on each Two hundred pesos (P200), or fractional part thereof, of the issue price of any such debt instruments: Provided, That for such debt instruments with terms of less than one (1) year, the documentary stamp tax to be collected shall be of a proportional amount in accordance with the ratio of its term in number of days to three hundred sixty-five (365) days: Provided, further, That only one documentary stamp tax shall be imposed on either loan agreement, or promissory notes issued to secure such loan.

For purposes of this section, the term debt instrument shall mean instruments representing borrowing and lending transactions including but not limited to debentures, certificates of indebtedness, due bills, bonds, loan agreements, including those signed abroad wherein the object of contract is located or used in the Philippines, instruments and securities issued by the government of any of its instrumentalities, deposit substitute debt instruments, certificates or other evidences of deposits that are either drawing interest significantly higher than the regular savings deposit taking into consideration the size of the deposit and the risks involved or drawing interest and having a specific maturity date, orders for payment of any sum of money otherwise than at sight or on demand, promissory notes, whether negotiable or non-negotiable, except bank notes issued for circulation.”

DST on loan agreements (which may be taken out in order to purchase real property ) is thus computed as P1.00 for every P200.00. To compute the DST, divide the loan amount by P200.00, then round off the amount to next higher number if there are decimals. As a shortcut, multiply the loan amount by .005 and round off the amount to next higher number if there are decimals.

DST on lease agreements

If you will be leasing out your property, DST will be imposed at the rate of P3.00 for the first P2,000.00 and an additional P1.00 for every P1,000.00 in excess of the first P2,000.00 pursuant to Section 194 of the Tax Code, to wit:

“Section 194. Stamp tax on Leases and Other Hiring Agreements. – On each lease, agreement, memorandum, or contract for hire, use or rent of any lands or tenements, or portions thereof, there shall be collected a documentary stamp tax of Three pesos (P3.00) for the first Two thousand pesos (P2,000), or fractional part thereof, and an additional One peso (P1.00) for every One Thousand pesos (P1,000) or fractional part thereof, in excess of the first Two thousand pesos (P2,000) for each year of the term of said contract or agreement.”

To compute DST, multiply the monthly rent by 12 months and then by the number of years stated in the contract. Subtract P2,000.00 and multiply the amount by .001, then add P3.00.

For example, the monthly rent is P10,000.00, and the contract is for 3 years. The DST is computed as follows:

Monthly rent P10,000.00
Multiply by 12 months
Annual rent = P120,000.00
Multiply by 3 years
Total contract amount = P360,000.00
Subtract P2,000 = P358,000.00
Multiply this by .001 = P358
Plus P3.00
DST = P361.00

As a shortcut, multiply the contract amount by .001 and add P1.00 to get the DST.

If the total contract amount is not a multiple of P1,000.00, for example, it’s P360,500.00, round it up to the next 1,000 then multiply the contract amount by .001 and add P1.00 to get the DST.

DST on mortgages

Section 195 of the Tax Code provides:

Section 195. Stamp Tax on Mortgages, Pledges and Deeds of Trust. – On every mortgage or pledge of lands, estate, or property, real or personal, heritable or movable, whatsoever, where the same shall be made as a security for the payment of any definite and certain sum of money lent at the time or previously due and owing of forborne to be paid, being payable and on any conveyance of land, e
state, or property whatsoever, in trust or to be sold, or otherwise converted into money which shall be and intended only as security, either by express stipulation or otherwise, there shall be collected a documentary stamp tax at the following rates:

(a) When the amount secured does not exceed Five thousand pesos (P5,000), Twenty pesos (P20.00).

(b) On each Five thousand pesos (P5,000), or fractional part thereof in excess of Five thousand pesos (P5,000), an additional tax of Ten pesos (P10.00).

On any mortgage, pledge, or deed of trust, where the same shall be made as a security for the payment of a fluctuating account or future advances without fixed limit, the documentary stamp tax on such mortgage, pledge or deed of trust shall be computed on the amount actually loaned or given at the time of the execution of the mortgage, pledge or deed of trust, additional documentary stamp tax shall be paid which shall be computed on the basis of the amount advanced or loaned at the rates specified above: Provided, however, That if the full amount of the loan or credit, granted under the mortgage, pledge or deed of trust shall be computed on the amount actually loaned or given at the time of the execution of the mortgage, pledge or deed of trust. However, if subsequent advances are made on such mortgage, pledge or deed of trust, additional documentary stamp tax shall be paid which shall be computed on the basis of the amount advanced or loaned at the rates specified above: Provided, however, That if the full amount of the loan or credit, granted under the mortgage, pledge or deed of trust is specified in such mortgage, pledge or deed of trust, the documentary stamp tax prescribed in this Section shall be paid and computed on the full amount of the loan or credit granted.”

To compute DST, subtract P5,000 from the contract amount, then divide what’s left by P5,000.00 and round off any decimal to the higher number. Multiply this by 10 then add P20.00.

To illustrate, if the amount secured is P106,000.00, the DST is computed as follows:

Amount secured P106,000.00
Subtract P5,000 = 101,000
Divide by P5,000.00 = 20.20
Round off to higher number = 21
Multiply by 10 = 210
Add 20 = P230 DST

As a shortcut, divide the contract amount by P5,000.00 and round off any decimal to the higher number. Multiply this by 10 then add P10.00.


Exemptions from DST

Section 199 of the Tax Code, as amended, provides the documents which are exempt from DST, including loan agreements which does not exceed P250,000, viz:
“(d) Loan agreements or promissory notes, the aggregate of which does not exceed Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000), or any such amount as may be determined by the Secretary of Finance, executed by an individual for his purchase on installment for his personal use or that of his family and not for business or resale, barter or hire of a house, lot, motor vehicle, appliance or furniture: Provided, however, That the amount to be set by the Secretary of Finance shall be in accordance with a relevant price index but not to exceed ten percent (10%) of the current amount and shall remain in force at least for three (3) years.”

Deadline for filing the DST return

Under Revenue Regulations (RR) No. 5-2009 dated March 16, 2009, the DST Return (BIR Form No. 2000-OT) shall be filed within five (5) days after the close of the month when the taxable document was made, signed, accepted or transferred. For example, the DST on a taxable document signed on April 15, 2009 will be due on May 5, 2009.

Venue for filing the DST return

The DST due shall be paid at the same time the aforesaid return is filed with the AAB having jurisdiction over the place where the property being transferred is located based on the consideration contracted to be paid for such realty or on its fair market value determined in accordance with Section 6(E) of the Tax Code, whichever is higher.

Please feel free to leave a comment below.

To our financial freedom!

Jay Castillo
Real Estate Investor
PRC REBL#: 3194

Blog: www.foreclosurephilippines.com



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