I heard him say this as I helped facilitate the Cashflow 101 game at their table during the afternoon session of the Think Rich Pinoy seminar last February 27, 2010.
If you have played Cashflow 101, you would know that finding opportunities is as easy as picking an opportunity card when you land on an opportunity space during your turn. (Haven’t played Cashflow 101 yet? Learn more about the Cashflow 101 game by reading this article: Top 7 lessons learned from playing Rich Dad’s Cashflow 101 game)
In real life however, how do you find those “opportunities”?
It’s obvious that I get my opportunities from listings of foreclosed properties.
But how does one convert listings of foreclosed properties like this:
Into opportunities like these:
Let us first dissect an opportunity card.
If you will look closely at the opportunity cards above, aside from a brief description of the property, the projected ROI, Cost, Mortgage, Downpayment, and Cash flow are already given.
In real life, the only numbers you will often find on listings of foreclosed properties are the Cost (or the selling price or minimum bid price), Downpayment, Interest Rates, and the maximum loan term. The mortgage amount is usually the Cost less the Downpayment. You will have to come up with estimates or calculate for the projected ROI, and Cash flow. Without these numbers, you will have no objective way of telling if a foreclosed property has a good potential to be an income generating asset.
Return On Investment or ROI
According to the Cashflow 101 game rules, The ROI or Return On Investment on the opportunity cards can be calculated as follows
monthly cashflow x 12 months
ROI = ——————————————————
In real life, we can also get the ROI using the same formula above but we must first determine the projected monthly cashflow.
Determining Cash flow
An overly simplified way of determining the monthly cash flow would be to subtract the monthly amortizations from the monthly rental income. We therefore need to determine these two numbers first.
How to determine the monthly rentals
You can get the monthly rental income by asking around the same location of the target property and get rental rates for comparable or very similar properties. This would even be easier for condo units as you just have to check for the rental rates for units in the same building. This can also be done online by checking advertisements of rental properties in the same building or area.
For more information on how to check for rental rates, read this article: How I estimate market values of foreclosed properties
How to determine monthly amortizations
Monthly amortizations can be easily calculated using amortization calculators since we know the loan amount, interest rate, and loan term. You can use our very own amortization calculator which can be found here.
Putting it all together
Let’s use the following foreclosed property from the sample listing above and see if we can turn it into a real “opportunity”.
- Minimum downpayment required is 20%
- Balance is payable up to 15 years
- Interest rate is 12% interest p.a.
*Remember that these are just assumptions and are for illustrative purposes only. One should get the actual values by calling the bank.
Step 1: Determine rental rates
For the location of sample property above, I saw an ad for a smaller sized condo in the same building with an advertised rent at Php25,000 per month. I’m not entirely sure if the rental rate on the ad I saw was not overpriced but it will have to do for now. It would really be a big help if you focused in a particular area and became very familiar with rental rates, etc.
Step 2: Determine the monthly amortization
Using our mortgage calculator, the monthly amortization for a property with a minimum bid price of Php2,208,800.00 with a downpayment of 20% or Php441,760.00, and with the balance payable in 15 years at 12% interest p.a would be Php21,207.44 per month, as seen below.
Step 3: Determine the monthly cash flow
The monthly cash flow would be equal to the monthly rent less the monthly amortization.
Monthly Cash flow = Php25,000 – Php21,207.44
Step 4: Determine the ROI
Let us use the formula above for ROI:
Monthly Cashflow x 12 months
ROI = ——————————————————-
Php3,792.56/month x 12 months
= 0.10302 or 10.302%
An investment “opportunity” for real
Based on the resulting numbers above, our opportunity card for our sample foreclosed property should look something like this:
You found a bank foreclosed condominium unit in Makati!
10.30% ROI, may sell for ????
Cost: Php2,208,800 Mortgage: Php1,767,040
Downpayment: 20% Cash flow: Php3,792.56
Points to remember
It really is possible to get opportunities in real life, just like the opportunity cards in Cashflow 101. All you need is just a little know-how in “doing the numbers“.
The “opportunity” we got above is an overly simplified example as we also need to consider property management, maintenance reserves, real property taxes, and other expenses when calculating for cashflow.
As to whether the “opportunity” we got above is a good deal or not still depends on each individual real estate investor’s preference or target ROI. Is 10% a good enough ROI for you?
The ROI can still drastically change when some numbers change and this can turn a mediocre deal into a great deal or it can also transform a good deal into a bad one.
What if the exit strategy was changed to rent-to-own instead of rental and the monthly rent-to-own income was Php28,000/month? Or what if the monthly dues plus other incidental expenses turned out to be Php5,000 per month and may thus result in a negative cash flow? I suggest you run the numbers and check the results.
Remember, the numbers don’t lie.
So the next time you come across a listing of foreclosed properties, just do the numbers! The more consistent you are with doing the numbers, the greater the chances that you may just find that “opportunity” you have been looking for!
To our financial freedom!
Real Estate Investor
Real Estate Broker License #: 20056
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Text by Jay Castillo. Copyright © 2010 All rights reserved.
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