Republic Act 10175: Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 signed into law (full text)

So what does a law that intends to curb cybercrime in the Philippines have anything to do with real estate? Bear with me for a moment… with the ever increasing practice of real estate online marketing, the new law is definitely relevant to real estate investors, real estate service professionals, real estate developers, or just about anyone involved with real estate, that have any online presence (this can be your website, blog, facebook page, twitter page, pinterest board, etc.).


Much has been said about the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 which was signed into law last September 12, 2012. But what does the law really say? To understand the new law, I believe the best place to start would be by reading its full text.

I have just finished reading the full text of Republic Act 10175 myself (and I will definitely read it again and again until it sinks in…) and while I’m glad it covers hacking, what concerns me more is the portion covering libel (see Section 4-c-4, just before Section 5). This will definitely have an impact on how we discuss issues online.

I’m really curious how they will implement this new law, so I’ll just patiently wait for the Implementing Rules and Regulations or IRR. The RA 10175 IRR should be released within ninety (90) days from the signing of the new law.

Anyway, if you have a real estate website (or any online presence), or if you are one of those who frequently interacts with other people online, I highly suggest you read the full text of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 below.

Republic Act No. 10175: Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 (full text)

S. No. 2796
H. No. 5808

Republic of the Philippines

Congress of the Philippines
Metro Manila
Fifteenth Congress
Second Regular Session

Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday the Twenty-fifth day of July two thousand eleven.

[ Republic Act No. 10175 ]


Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:


Section 1. Short Title. – This Act shall be known as the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012″.

Section 2. Declaration of Policy. – The State recognizes the vital role of information and communication industries such as content production, telecommunications, broadcasting, electronic commerce, and data processing, in the nation’s overall social and economic development. The State also recognizes the importance of providing an environment conducive to the development, acceleration, and rational application and exploitation of information and communications technology (ICT) to attain free, easy, and intelligible access to exchange and / or delivery of information, and the need to protect and safeguard the integrity of computer, computer and communications systems, networks, and databases, and the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information, and data stored therein, from all forms of misuse, abuse, and illegal access by making punishable under the law such conduct or conducts. In this light, the State shall adopt sufficient powers to effectively prevent and combat such offenses by facilitating their detection, investigation, and prosecution at both the domestic and international levels, and by providing arrangements for fast and reliable international cooperation.

Section 3. Definition of Terms. – For purposes of this Act, the following terms are hereby defined as follows:

(a) Access refers to the instruction, communication with, storing data in, retrieving data from, or otherwise making use of any resources of a computer system of communication network.

(b) Alteration refers to the modification or change, in form or substance, of an existing computer data or program.

(c) Communication refers to the transmission of information through ICT media, including voice, video, and other forms of data.

(d) Computer refers to an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromechanical, or other data processing or communications device, or grouping of such devices, capable of performing logical, arithmetic, routing, or storage functions and which includes any storage facility, or equipment or communications facility or equipment directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device. It covers any type of computer device including devices with data processing capabilities like mobile phones, smart phones, computer networks and other devices connected to the Internet.

(e) Computer data refers to any representation of facts, information, or concepts in a form suitable for processing in a computer system including a program suitable for processing in a computer system including a program suitable to cause a computer system to perform a function and includes electronic documents and / or electronic data messages whether stored in local computer systems or online.

(f) Computer program refers to a set of instructions executed by the computer to achieve intended results.

(g) Computer system refers to any device or group of interconnected or related devices, one or more of which pursuant to a program, performs automated processing of data. It covers any type of device with data processing capabilities including, but not limited to, computers and mobile phones. The device consisting of hardware and software may include input, output and storage components which may stand alone or be connected in a network or other similar devices. It also includes computer data storage devices or media.

(h) Without right refers to either: (i) conduct undertake without or in excess of authority; or (ii) conduct not covered by established legal defenses, excuses, court orders, justifications, or relevant principles under the law.

(i) Cyber refers to a computer or a computer network, the electronic medium in which online communication takes place.

(j) Critical infrastructure refers to the computer systems, and / or networks, whether physical or virtual, an / or the computers, computer data and / or traffic data so vital to this country that the incapacity or destruction of or interference with such system and assets would have debilitating impact on security, national or economic security, national public health and safety, or any combination of those matters.

(k) Cybersecurity refers to the collection of tools, policies, risk management approaches, actions, training, best practices, assurance and technologies that can be used to protect the cyber environment and organization and user’s assets.

(l) Database refers to a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts or instructions which are being prepared, processed, or stored or have been prepared, processed or stored in a formalized manner and which are intended for use in a computer system.

(m) Interception refers to listening to, recording, monitoring or surveillance of the content of communications, including procuring of the content of data, either directly, through access and use of a computer system or indirectly, through the use of electronic eavesdropping or tapping devices, at the same time that the communication is occurring.

(n) Service provider refers to:

(1) Any public or private entity that provides to users of its service the ability to communication by means of a computer system, and

(2) Any other entity that processes or stores computer data on behalf of such communication service or users of such service.

(o) Subscriber’s information refers to any information contained in the form of computer data or any other form that is held by a service provider, relating to subscribers of its services other than traffic or content data and by which identity can be established:

(1) The type of communication service used, the technical provisions taken thereto and the period of service;

(2) The subscriber’s identity, postal or geographic address, telephone and other access numbers, any assigned network address, billing, and payment information, available on the basis of the service agreement or arrangement, and

(3) Any other available information on the site of the installation of communication equipment, available on the basis of the service agreement or arrangement.

(p) Traffic data or non-content data refers to any computer data other than the content of the communication including, but not limited to, the communication’s origin, destination, route, time, data, size, duration, or type of underlying service.


Section 4. Cybercrime Offenses. – The following acts constitute the offense of cybercrime punishable under this Act:

(a) Offenses against the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of computer data and systems.

(1) Illegal access – The access to the whole or any part of a computer system without right.

(2) Illegal interception – The interception made by technical means without right of any non-public transmission of computer data to, from, or within a computer system including electromagnetic emissions from a computer system carrying such  computer data.

(3) Data Interference – The intentional or reckless alteration, damaging, deletion or deterioration of computer data, electronic document, or electronic data message, without right, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

(4) System Interference – The intentional alteration or reckless hindering or interference with the functioning of a computer or computer network by inputting, transmitting, damaging, deleting, deteriorating, altering or suppressing computer data or program, electronic document, or electronic data messages, without right or authority, including the introduction or transmission of viruses.

(5) Misuse of devices

(i) The use, production, sale, procurement, importation, distribution, or otherwise making available, without right, of:

(aa) a device, including a computer program, designed or adapted primarily for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this Act; or

(bb) A computer password, access code, or similar data by which the whole or any part of a computer system is capable of being accessed with intent that it be used for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this Act.

(ii) The possession of an item referred to in paragraphs 5(i)(aa) or (bb) above with the intent to use said devices for the purpose of committing any of the offenses under this section.

(6) Cyber-squatting. The acquisition of domain name over the Internet in bad faith to profit, mislead, destroy reputation, and deprive others from the registering the same, if such a domain name is:

(i) Similar, identical, or confusingly similar to an existing trademark registered with the appropriate government agency at the time of the domain name registration;

(ii) Identical or in any way similar with the name of a person other than the registrant, in case of a personal name, and

(iii) Acquired without right or with intellectual property interests in it.

(b) Computer-related Offenses:

(1) Computer-related Forgery:

(i) The input, alteration, or deletion of computer data without right resulting in inauthentic data with the intent that it be considered or acted upon for legal purposes as if it were authentic, regardless whether or not the data is directly readable and intelligible; or

(ii) The act of knowingly using computer data which is the product of computer-related forgery as defined here, for the purpose of perpetuating a fraudulent or dishonest design.

(2) Computer-related Fraud. The unauthorized input, alteration, or deletion of computer data or program or interference in the functioning of a computer system, causing damage thereby with fraudulent intent; Provided, That if no damage has yet been caused, the penalty imposed shall be one (1) degree lower.

(3) Computer-related Identity Theft. The intentional acquisition, use, misuse, transfer, possession, alteration or deletion of identifying information belonging to another, whether natural or juridical, without right. Provided, That if no damage has yet been caused, the penalty imposed shall be one (1) degree lower.

(c) Content-related Offenses:

(1) Cybersex – The willful engagement, maintenance, control, or operation, directly or indirectly, of any lascivious exhibition of sexual organs or sexual activity, with the aid of a computer system, for favor or consideration.

(2) Child Pornography – The unlawful or prohibited acts defined and punishable by Republic Act No. 9775 or the Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009, committed through a computer system. Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be one (1) degree higher than that provided for in Republic Act No. 9775.

(3) Unsolicited Commercial Communications – The transmission of commercial communication with the use of computer system which seek to advertise sell, or offer for sale products and services are prohibited unless:

(1) There is prior affirmative consent from the recipient;


(ii) The primary intent of the communication is for service and / or administrative announcements from the sender to its existing users, subscribers or customers; or

(iii) The following conditions are present:

(aa) The commercial electronic communication contains a simple, valid, and reliable way for the recipient to reject receipt of further commercial electronic messages (opt-out) from the same source;

(bb) The commercial electronic communication does not purposely disguise the source of the electronic message; and

(cc) The commercial electronic communication does not purposely include misleading information in any part of the message in order to induce the recipients to read the message.

(4) Libel. – The unlawful or prohibited acts of libel as defined in Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future.

Section 5. Other Offenses. – The following acts shall also constitute an offense:

(a) Aiding or Abetting in the Commission of Cybercrime – Any person who willfully abets or aids in the commission of any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.

(b) Attempt in the Commission of Cybercrime – Any person who willfully attempts to commit any of the offenses enumerated in this Act shall be held liable.

Section 6. All crimes defined and penalized by the Revised Penal Code, as amended, and special laws, if committed by, through and with the use of information and communications technologies shall be covered by the relevant provisions of this Act. Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be one (1) degree higher than that provided for by the Revised Penal Code, as amended, and special laws, as the case may be.

Section 7. Liability under Other Laws. – A prosecution under this Act shall be without prejudice to any liability for violation of any provision of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, or special laws.

Chapter III

Section 8. Penalties. – Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(a) and 4(b) of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of at least Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) up to a maximum amount commensurate to the damage incurred or both.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts under Sections 4(a)(5) shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of not more than Five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000) or both.

If punishable acts in Section 4(a) are committed against critical infrastructure, the penalty of reclusion temporal or a fine of at least Five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000) up to a maximum amount commensurate to the damage incurred or both, shall be imposed.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(c)(1) of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of prision mayor or a fine of at least Two hundred thousand pesos (P200,000) but not exceeding One million pesos (P1,000,000) or both.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(c)(2) of this Act shall be punished with the penalties as enumerated in Republic Act 9775 or the “Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009″; Provided, That the penalty to be imposed shall be one (1) degree higher than that provided for in Republic Act 9775, if committed through a computer system.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 4(c)(3) shall be punished with imprisonment of arresto mayor or a fine of at least Fifty thousand pesos (P50,000) but not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000) or both.

Any person found guilty of any of the punishable acts enumerated in Sections 5 of this Act shall be punished with imprisonment of one (1) degree lower than that of the prescribed penalty for the offense or a fine of at least One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) but not exceeding Five hundred thousand pesos (P500,000) or both.

Section 9. Corporate Liability. – When any of the punishable acts herein defined are knowingly committed on behalf of or for the benefit of a juridical person, by a natural person acting either individually or as part of an organ of the juridical person, who has a leading position within, based on: (a) a power of representation of the juridical person provided the act committed falls within the scope of such authority; (b) an authority to take decisions on behalf of the juridical person. Provided, That the act committed falls within the scope of such authority; or (c) an authority to exercise control within the juridical person, the juridical person shall be held liable for a fine equivalent to at least double the fines imposable in Section 7 up to a maximum of Ten million pesos (P10,000,000).

If the commission of any of the punishable acts herein defined was made possible due to the lack of supervision or control by a natural person referred to and described in the preceding paragraph, for the benefit of that juridical person by a natural person acting under its authority, the juridical person shall be held liable for a fine equivalent to at least double the finds imposable in Section 7 up to a maximum of Five million pesos (P5,000,000).

The liability imposed on the juridical person shall be without prejudice to the criminal liability of the natural person who has committed the offense.

Chapter IV
Enforcement and Implementation

Section 10. Law Enforcement Authorities. – The National Bureau of Investigation and the Philippine National Police shall be responsible for the efficient and effective law enforcement of the provisions of this Act. The NBI and the PNP shall organize a cybercrime unit or center manned by special investigators to exclusively handle cases involving violations of this Act.

Section 11. Duties of Law Enforcement Authorities. – To ensure that the technical nature of cybercrime and its prevention is given focus and considering the procedures involved for international cooperation, law enforcement authorities specifically the computer or technology crime divisions or units responsible for the investigation of cybercrimes are required to submit timely and regular reports including pre-operation, post operation, and investigation results and such other documents as may be required to the Department of Justice for review and monitoring.

Section 12. Real-time Collection of Traffic Data. – Law enforcement authorities, with due cause, shall be authorized to collect or record by technical or electronic means traffic data in real time associated with specified communications transmitted by means of a computer system.

Traffic data refer only to the communication’s origin, destination, route, time, date, size, duration, or type of underlying service, but not content, nor identities..

All other data to be collected or seized or disclosed will require a court warrant.

Service providers are required to cooperate and assist law enforcement authorities in the collection or recording of the above-stated information.

The court warrant under this section shall only be issued or granted upon written application and the examination under oath or affirmation of the applicant and the witnesses he may produce and the showing: (1) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that any of the crimes enumerated herein above has been committed, or is being committed, is about to be committed; (2) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that evidence that will be obtained is essential to the conviction of any person for, or to the solution or, or to the prevention of any such crimes, and (3) that there are no other means readily available for obtaining such evidence.

Section 13. Preservation of Computer Data. – The integrity of traffic data and subscriber information relating to communication services provided by a service provider shall be preserved for a minimum of six (6) months period from the date of the transaction. Content data shall be similarly preserved for six (6) months from the date of receipt of the order from law enforcement authorities requiring its preservation.

Law enforcement authorities may order a one-time extension of another six (6) months.Provided, That once computer preserved, transmitted or stored by service provided is used as evidence in a case, the mere furnishing to such service provider of the transmittal document to the Office of the Prosecutor shall be deemed a notification to preserve the computer until the termination of the case.

The service provider ordered to preserve computer data shall keep confidential the order and its compliance.

Section 14. Disclosure of Computer Data. – Law enforcement authorities, upon securing a court warrant, shall issue an order requiring any person or service provider to disclose or submit subscriber’s information, traffic data or relevant data in his / its possession or control within seventy-two (72) hours from receipt of the order in relation to a valid complaint officially docketed and assigned for investigation and the disclosure is necessary and relevant for the purpose of investigation.

Section 15. Search, Seizure, Examination of Computer Data. – Where a search and seizure warrant is properly issue, the law enforcement authorities shall likewise have the following powers and duties.

Within the time period specified in the warrant, to conduct interception, as defined in this Act, and:

(a) To secure a computer system or a computer data storage medium.

(b) To make and retain a copy of those computer data secured.

(c) To maintain the integrity of the relevant stored computer data.

(d) To conduct forensic analysis or examinations of the computer data storage medium; and

(e) To render inaccessible or remove those computer data in the accessed computer or computer and communications network.

Pursuant thereof, the law enforcement authorities may order any person who has knowledge about the functioning of the computer system and the measures to protect and preserve the computer data therein to provide, as is reasonable, the necessary information to enable the undertaking of the search, seizure and examination.

Law enforcement authorities may request for an extension of time to complete the examination of the computer data storage medium and to make a return thereon but in no case for a period longer than thirty (30) days from date of approval by the court.

Section 16. Custody of Computer Data. – All computer data, including content and traffic data, examined under a proper warrant shall, within forty-eight (48) hours after the expiration of the period fixed therein, be deposited with the court in a sealed package, and shall be accompanies by an affidavit of the law enforcement authority executing it stating the dates and times covered by the examination, and the law enforcement authority who access the deposit, among other relevant data. The law enforcement authority shall also certify that no duplicates or copies of the whole or any part thereof have been made, or if made, that all such duplicates or copies are included in the package deposited with the court. The package so deposited shall not be opened or the recordings replayed, or used in evidence, or their contents revealed, except upon order of the court, which shall not be granted except upon motion, with due notice and opportunity to be heard to the person or persons whose conversation or communications have been recorded.

Section 17. Destruction of Computer Data. – Upon expiration of the periods as provided in Sections 13 and 15, service providers and law enforcement authorities, as the case may be, shall immediately and completely destroy the computer data subject of a preservation and examination.

Section 18. Exclusionary Rule. – Any evidence procured without a valid warrant or beyond the authority of the same shall be inadmissible for any proceeding before any court or tribunal.

Section 19. Restricting or Blocking Access to Computer Data. – When a computer data is prima facie found to be in violation of the provisions of this Act, the DOJ shall issue an order to restrict or block access to such computer data.

Section 20. Non-compliance. – Failure to comply with the provisions of Chapter IV hereof specifically the orders from law enforcement authorities shall be punished as a violation of Presidential Decree No. 1829 with imprisonment of prision correccional in its maximum period or a fine of One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000) or both for each and every non-compliance with an order issued by law enforcement authorities.

Chapter V

Section 21. Jurisdiction. – The Regional Trial Court shall have jurisdiction over any violation of the provisions of this Act including any violation committed by a Filipino national regardless of the place of commission. Jurisdiction shall lie if any of the elements was committed within the Philippines or committed with the use of any computer system wholly or partly situation in the country, or when by such commission any damage is caused to a natural or juridical person who, at the time the offense was committed, was in the Philippines.

There shall be designated special cybercrime courts manned by specially trained judges to handle cybercrime cases.

Chapter VI
International Cooperation

Section 22. General Principles Relating to International Cooperation. – All relevant international instruments on international cooperation in criminal matters, arrangements agreed on the basis of uniform or reciprocal legislation, and domestic laws, to the widest extent possible for the purposes of investigations or proceedings concerning criminal offenses related to computer systems and data, or for the collection of evidence in electronic form of a criminal offense shall be given full force and effect.

Chapter VII
Competent Authorities

Section 23. Department of Justice (DOJ). – There is hereby created an Office of Cybercrime within the DOJ designated as the central authority in all matters relating to international mutual assistance and extradition.

Section 24. Cybercrime Investigation and Coordinating Center (CICC). – There is hereby created, within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this Act, an inter-agency body to be known as the Cybercrime Investigation and Coordinating Center (CICC), under the administrative supervision of the Office of the President, for policy coordination among concerned agencies and for the formulation and enforcement of the national cybersecurity plan.

Section 25. Composition. – The CICC shall be headed by the Executive Director of the Information and Communications Technology Office under the Department of Science and Technology as Chairperson with the Director of the NBI as Vice Chairperson; the Chief of the PNP, Head of the DOJ Office of Cybercrime; and one (1) representative from the private sector and academe, as members. The CICC shall be manned by a secretariat of selected existing personnel and representatives from the different participating agencies.

Section 26. Powers and Functions. – The CICC shall have the following powers and functions:

(a) To formulate a national cybersecurity plan and extend immediate assistance for the suppression of real-time commission of cybercrime offenses through a computer emergency response team (CERT).

(b) To coordinate the preparation of appropriate and effective measures to prevent and suppress cybercrime activities as provided for in this Act;

(c) To monitor cybercrime cases being handled by participating law enforcement and prosecution agencies.

(d) To facilitate international cooperation on intelligence, investigations, training, and capacity building related to cybercrime prevention, suppression, and prosecution.

(e) To coordinate the support and participation of the business sector local government units and non-government organizations in cybercrime prevention programs and other related projects.

(f) To recommend the enactment of appropriate laws, issuances, measures, and policies.

(g) To call upon any government agency to render assistance in the accomplishment of the CICC’s mandated tasks and functions.

(h) To perform all other matters related to cybercrime prevention and suppression, including capacity building and such other functions and duties as may be necessary for the proper implementation of this Act.

Chapter VIII

Section 27. Appropriations.  – The amount of Fifty million pesos (P50,000,000) shall be appropriated annually for the implementation of this Act.

Section 28. Implementing Rules and Regulations. – The ICTO-DOST, the DOJ, and the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) shall jointly formulate the necessary rules and regulations within ninety (90) days from approval of this Act, for its effective implementation.

Section 29. Separability Clause. If any provision of this Act is held invalid, the other provisions not affected shall remain in full force and effect.

Section 30. Repealing Clause. – All laws, decrees or rules inconsistent with this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly. Section 33(a) of Republic Act 8792 or Electronic Commerce Act is hereby modified accordingly.

Section 31. Effectivity. – This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after the completion of its publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation.


Speaker of the House
of Representatives

President of the Senate

This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2796 and House Bill No. 5808 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on June 5, 2012 and June 4, 2012 respectively.

Secretary General
House of Representatives

Secretary of the Senate

Approved: September 12, 2012

President of the Philippines

Note: A signed copy of RA 10175 is available through this link:

Source: Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines

Any thoughts?

So what do you think of this new law? Personally, I had to change my comment policy a bit.

I also observe the following which I believe is true:

Whatever I write online can be read by just about everyone who is online, so I better make sure I really want everyone to see what I am about to publish online!

How about you? Please share your thoughts below!


To our success and financial freedom!

Jay Castillo

Real Estate Investor
PRC Real Estate Broker License No. 3194 
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Text by Jay Castillo and Cherry Castillo. Copyright © 2008 – 2012 All rights reserved.

Full disclosure: Nothing to disclose.

Photo credit: .faramarz, on Flickr

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16 thoughts on “Republic Act 10175: Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 signed into law (full text)”

  1. Pingback: Why You Should Never Give Cash To Real Estate Agents (And What To Do Instead)

  2. There are so many provisions that were not thoroughly reviewed.

    Even Senator Miriam Defensor is asking why the Senate passed the Law. She cited the following as questionable.

    Sec. 4 para 4. It makes libel a cybercrime, if committed online;
    Sec. 5. It punishes any person who aids or abets the commission of any cybercrime, even if it is only through Facebook or Twitter;
    Sec. 6. It adopts the entire Penal Code, if the crime is committed by the use of information technology, but the penalty shall be one degree higher;
    Sec. 7. It makes the same crime punishable, both under the Penal Code and the Cybercrime Act;
    Sec. 19. It authorizes the Department of Justice to issue an order to restrict access to computer data which is found to be prima facie in violation of the new law. Sec. 19 is called “the takedown clause.”

    But has more shocking criticisms that everyone should know.

  3. Pwede ko ba itong e share para ma basa naman sa mga friends ko?para malalaman din nila kung ano talaga ang napapaloob sa R.A.10175.

  4. Hi, I don’t find any illegal in this particular law after reading the content of it. On the issue of libel:” (4) Libel. – The unlawful or prohibited acts of libel as defined in Article 355 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended committed through a computer system or any other similar means which may be devised in the future.” I don’t see any wrong with this statement where in fact our revised penal code already say that libel is crime and the only different is that libel is committed in the internet which i think is just right so that every people can be protected from any libelous statement. For my own personal point of view, the law is quite good.

    1. I guess the concern is there is a window for abuse. I hope the IRR will take care of this. Or if they find these provisions unconstitutional, then maybe there is merit to amend the law to begin with, and then the IRR should make sure there is proper check and balance to prevent abuse and preserve freedom of speech even on the web. Other provisions of the law are quite good for me as well, and are needed. Thanks for dropping by!

  5. I have was wondering why some Facebook status are highlighted then mark blocked R.A 10175. I really have to read again the law. The concern I am reading is censorship and the vagueness on libel. Others have been citing the cost to implement the law as the issue. But some parts of the law are really good like protection against pornography and of course protection on of ownership of a domain name and its reputation.

    I guess the lawmakers have to reread and re-assess the law so that such concerns are address or else the good part of the law will be useless if the law will be continually be stop from operating. Clear definition I guess is what the likes of us bloggers are asking.

    1. Hi Louis, totally agree with you, and a well written IRR should take care of the concerns. However, if the law itself has some unconstitutional provisions, then I guess it must really be amended. They should retain the good, and remove the bad, and come up with a very well thought of IRR. They have 90 days to draft the IRR which should be more than enough right?

  6. Pingback: What is Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012(Republic Act No. 10175)

  7. I’m with you! Actually, when people started getting mad at the law I got really curious and read the law. Three times. The law looks good in general and yeah, the word “libel” and its amended definition made it quite questionable. And I have been asked to sign the Anti-Cybercrime law many times. And I said, “Why the heck would I sign a petition to junk a law when we don’t know how these rules are to be implemented?” I mean, just because many people are against it, we just read their blogs and suddenly agree to those persons’ post? How about reading the entire full text, which by the way is not that long (take patience before we speak) and speaking about it? I have a lot of friends who are annoyed at me because I am too lame and blind to see what’s in the law. Well, they only read a certain provision pointed out by people and then believed that the entire law is crap! But in my case, I read the full text more than twice, pondered on it and remained very inquisitive and doubtful at the end. Well, I will sign an anti-cybercrime petition right after I read the IRR. I don’t speak right away because many people (grrr….friends) don’t want the law. How’s that?

    1. Very well said Kristine, thanks a lot for sharing, and for sharing my point of view on the importance of reading the full text.

      I don’t find it lame for people to choose to read the entirety of the law to see what is really in it, before saying it is crap or not. I believe that is being prudent. 😉

      Thanks a lot for dropping by!

    2. I read the text too! And I really don’t get what the big fuss is about. It just basically says that if you insult someone publicly (by posting it on social networks), you can be sued by the affected for libel. (provided affected people/victims actually want to spend the time and money to sue you). And for the rest (hacking, identity theft, distributing viruses, porn, childporn, etc.), that was already illegal in most of the world and I had no idea that it was still legal here (well, up to now anyways).

      1. I guess the issue with libel is it is still a criminal offense when it should be decriminalized, and now all of a sudden it is included in the Cybercrime prevention act. The other stuff are okay provided the implementing rules and regulations will have proper check and balance mechanisms to avoid abuse. Thanks for the comment!

  8. i dont know about this law if this law will eradicate the SPURIOUS LAND TITLES being sold in market openly (NOTE with HOUSING and Land Use Regulatory Board license to sell ) such as the OCT NO. 333 being used by big time land developer
    as their only source ,
    Despite the said erring developers cannot clarity UNDER OATH the irregularties of the said OCT no. 333 DATE OF REGISTRATION AUGUST 01,1907 , and DATE OF ORIGINAL SURVEY March 25, to Setmeber 28 1923
    And even the NCRFO HLURB DIRECTOR ALFREDO GIL M. TAN admitted in his letter that we subiit that we are not competent to answer the issues, and the LRA is expert in this matter .

    1. Hi Jose, I believe the concerned laws that should be amended with regard to spurious land titles would be RA 26 and RA 6732 (Reconstitution of land Titles).

      I would also like to see Senate Bill 2432 (Land Title Insurance) passed.

      I’ll also do some research with regard to OCT No. 333… thanks for sharing!

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