In my recent post on How to compute for the Maximum Allowable Offer or MAO for foreclosed properties, I mentioned that instead of multiplying the After Repair Value (ARV) with the 70%, you can just subtract the projected costs for acquisition, carrying costs, marketing costs, and target profit from the ARV, less Repair costs, to get the MAO. This takes away the guess work.
In relation to this, I received a very good question from gwapito with regard to the actual breakdown of costs as it seems the projected cost of 10% used in my previous example might be unrealistic. Let me try to answer his question through this post.
Before I answer gwapito’s question (in bold below), let me first post his comment in its entirety:
I’m following your blog since April 2010 & I’ve learned a lot from you without any books, without any DVD’s on how to and without any mentor. I really appreciate the way in which you helped others learning real estate investment which is one of the subjects I always dreaded.
I have queries about Cost Factor (CF) which I am confused, it seems like the cost factor will be more than 10% or approx. 30% something considering that the roundtrip transaction cost/acquiring cost will be shouldered by buyer (i.e CGT,CWT,DST,TT,REGISTRATION FEE,DEED OF SALE,VAT, MARKETING COST). Let say you have a deal worth 5 Million of House & lot:
1.What CF will you be using, lets say you will be shouldering all the above roundtrip transaction costs? Can you give me the exact figure of CF breakdowning into details?
*2.As a seller, what is the provision that I could be exempted in paying Creditable Witholding Tax (CWT)?
*3.What is the comparison between DEPRECIATION COST AND REPAIR COST? Are you using repair cost as a depreciation cost?
I thank you again for all the wonderful work you have done and wish you all the best for your future endeavors.
*I already answered questions 2 and 3 in the comments section of my previous post.
Thank you gwapito for the excellent questions and for the encouraging feedback. I’ll try to answer your first question to the best of my knowledge below.
Let me first list down the common major expenses that are usually for the account of the buyer when buying a foreclosed property from a bank.
Using gwapito’s data in his question, I’ll assume the property is a house and lot worth Php5 Million.
For simplicity’s sake, let’s also assume that the selling price is also Php5 Million and the zonal value is less than the Selling Price, which means we shall use Selling Price instead of Zonal value for all the computations below.
Expenses for acquiring a property
Let me enumerate the common expenses you will have to pay as the buyer of a property
- Documentary Stamps Tax or DST = 1.5% of Selling Price or about Php75,000
- Transfer Tax = 0.75% of Selling Price or about Php37,500
- Registration Fee = Php4,398 + Php45 for every Php20,000 in excess of Pph1,700,000 or about Php11,823
- Notarial expenses can be as low as Php200 (it can be as high as 1% of the selling price)
The projected total cost for you as the buyer in acquiring the property in this example would be Php124,523.00
Expenses for selling a property
When you as the buyer turns around and sells the property, the following are the related expenses:
- Capital Gains Tax or CGT = 6% of the Selling Price or about Php300,000
- Value Added Tax or VAT is not applicable in this example assuming you are not YET habitually engaged in real estate, which is also why Capital Gains Tax was included instead of Creditable Withholding Tax.
- Marketing – lets assume you will do all the marketing yourself through online marketing because this is supposedly a hot property which is so easy to sell, hence the marketing cost is zero.
Total projected cost for selling the property in this example would be Php300,000
Therefore, total cost for acquiring and selling this property would be Php124,523 + Php300,000=Php424,523 which is about 8.49% of the Selling Price of Php5 Million
Carrying or Holding Costs
Assuming you got this at 20% downpayment, balance payable in 10 years at 12% interest, your monthly amortization would be Php57,388.37 (I just used the mortgage calculator of this site)
The monthly amortization of Php57,388.37 is about 1.14% of the Selling Price of Php5 Million
Putting it all together
Assuming that the property can be sold in less than 1 month, the total cost for acquiring, carrying, and selling the property would only be 8.49% of the selling price, since no monthly amortization needs to be paid. For every month the property is not sold, a monthly amortization will have to be paid, which means an additional cost of 1.14% per month.
If the projected time to sell the property is 3 months, the total estimated cost for acquiring, carrying, and selling the property would be 8.49% + (1.14%/month x 3months) = 11.91%
As you can see, an estimated cost equal to 10% of the selling price is the total cost cost for acquiring, carrying, and selling a property like the one in our example above, appears to be realistic as the 10% cost falls between 8.9%(projected cost if property is sold in less than a month) and 11.91%(projected cost if property is sold in 3 months).
Thank you gwapito for your questions and let me know if you need any clarifications.
To our success and financial freedom!
Real Estate Investor
PRC Real Estate Broker License #: 003194
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Text by Jay Castillo and Cherry Castillo. Copyright © 2010 All rights reserved.
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Tagged with: acquisition cost, after repair value, arv, carrying cost, cf, cost factor, holding cost, How to do the Numbers, selling cost
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